Being graduate is always an advantage on labour market, but in Italy a tertiary degree cannot secure a good job in which you can exploit the human capital acquired. This is the main result of the article published with C. Ranci on Stato e Mercato, leading journal for Italian Sociology in Italy and entitled “Non è un paese per laureati. La sovra-qualificazione occupazionale dei lavoratori italiani” (abstract in English available).
The article has the main aim to investigate the phenomenon of over-qualification in Italy, thanks to a precise analysis of the mismatch between job and educational level obtained by a cross-dataset comparison of three different statistical sources (Italian Labour Force Survey, ISFOL Survey on Professions and Unioncamere EXCELSIOR Survey on Occupational Requirements). The article identifies main factors behind the phenomenon, considering aspects of labour supply, labour demand and contract arrangements. At a first descriptive level, age and over-qualification seemed strongly correlated; but the subsequent logistic model shows how the relation is complicated by the influence of the characteristics of the demand, given a productive context which is not favorable for knowledge-intense jobs. Secondly, the type of contract increase the risk of over-education with part-time and temporary contracts exposed at most.